|Starring|| Anthony Perkins|
|Series Order||1 of 4|
|Directed By||Alfred Hitchcock|
|Written By|| Joseph Stefano (screenplay)|
Robert Bloch (novel)
|Release Date||September 8, 1960|
Psycho tells the story of Marion Crane, who steals $40,000 from her employer. She leaves her home in Phoenix, Arizona and ends up at the Bates Motel in Fairvale, California. The motel is run by mother-fixated Norman Bates.
The movie was directed by Alfred Hitchcock. It is based on the book of the same name, written by Robert Bloch, which, in turn, was loosely based on the true story of serial killer Ed Gein.
"Alfred Hitchcock's masterpiece of the macabre stars Anthony Perkins as the troubled Norman Bates, whose 'dark old house' and adjoining hotel are not the place to spend a quiet evening. No one knows that better than Marion Crane (Janet Leigh), the film's ill-fated heroine who is victimized in the now-notorious 'shower scene.' Vera Miles, Martin Balsam, John Gavin, and John McIntire co-star in Hitchcock's most compelling and terrifying film. The screenplay was written by Joseph Stefano."
DVD and VideoEdit
- Anthony Perkins as Norman Bates
- Vera Miles as Lila Crane
- John Gavin as Sam Loomis
- Janet Leigh as Marion Crane
- Martin Balsam as Det. Milton Arbogast
- John McIntire as Sheriff Al Chambers
- Simon Oakland as Dr. Fred Richman
- Frank Albertson as Tom Cassidy
- Pat Hitchcock as Caroline
- Vaughn Taylor as George Lowery
- Lurene Tuttle as Mrs. Chambers
- John Anderson as California Charlie
- Mort Mills as Highway Patrol Officer
- Fletcher Allen as Policeman on Steps
- George Eldredge as Police Chief James Mitchell
- Francis De Sales as Deputy District Attorney Alan Deats
- Sam Flint as County Sheriff
- Virginia Gregg as Norma Bates (voice)
- Alfred Hitchcock as Man Outside Real Estate Office
- Paul Jasmin as Norma Bates (voice)
- Frank Killmond as Bob Summerfield
- Ted Knight as Policeman in Hallway Opening Door
- Pat McCaffrie as Police Guard
- Jeanette Nolan as Norma Bates (voice)
- Helen Wallace as Hardware Store Customer
- Uncredited as Mechanic
- Prudence Beers
- Kit Carson
- George Dockstader
- Harper Flaherty
- Lee Kass
- Lillian O'Malley
- Fred Scheiwiller
Doubles and Stand-insEdit
- Virginia Boyle .... stand-in
- Frank da Vinci .... stand-in
- Anne Dore .... double: Anthony Perkins
- John Drake .... stand-in: Anthony Perkins
- Margo Epper .... body double: Mother in shower sequence
- June Gleason .... stand-in: Vera Miles
- Myra Jones .... body double: Janet Leigh
- Myra Jones .... stand-in: Janet Leigh
- Richard Kindelon .... stand-in
- Harold Lockwood .... stand-in: Martin Balsam
- Paul Mathews .... stand-in: John Gavin
- Marli Renfro .... shower scene double: Janet Leigh
- Directed by Alfred Hitchcock
- Screenplay by Joseph Stefano
- Novel by Robert Bloch
- Produced by Alfred Hitchcock
- Original Music by Bernard Herrmann
- Cinematography by John L. Russell
- Film Editing by George Tomasini
- Casting by Jere Henshaw (uncredited)
- Art Direction by Robert Clatworthy and Joseph Hurley
- Set Decoration by George Milo
- Costume Design by Rita Riggs (uncredited)
- Jack Barron .... makeup supervisor
- Robert Dawn .... makeup supervisor
- Florence Bush .... hairstylist
- Larry Germain .... hair stylist (uncredited)
- Lew Leary .... unit manager
- Hilton A. Green .... assistant director
- Lester Wm. Berke .... second assistant director (uncredited)
- Saul Bass .... storyboard artist (uncredited)
- Bob Bone .... props (uncredited)
- Curtis Baessler .... assistant props (uncredited)
- George Cook .... assistant prop shop (uncredited)
- Dave Lee .... prop shop (uncredited)
- Harold Wolf .... leadman (uncredited)
- William Russell .... sound recording
- Waldon O. Watson .... sound recording
- Robert R. Bertrand .... mic technician (uncredited)
- John Ruth .... cable man (uncredited)
- Harold Tucker .... sound recordist (uncredited)
- Clarence Champagne .... special effects
- Walter Hammond .... special effects (uncredited)
- Frank Harper .... key grip (uncredited)
- Eugene Barragy .... key grip: Phoenix (uncredited)
- Robert Aldridge .... grip: Phoenix (uncredited)
- Jack Austin .... grip: Phoenix (uncredited)
- Walter Bluemel .... assistant camera: Phoenix (uncredited)
- Robert Burkett .... camera operator: Phoenix (uncredited)
- Norman Cassidy .... best boy electric (uncredited)
- William N. Clark .... second assistant camera (uncredited)
- Eugene Cook .... still photographer (uncredited)
- Bill Craemer .... still photographer (uncredited)
- Alan Davey .... camera operator (uncredited)
- Bobby Greene .... first assistant camera (uncredited)
- George H. Merhoff .... gaffer (uncredited)
- Saul Selznick .... second company grip (uncredited)
- Jim Sloan .... first assistant camera (uncredited)
- Leonard J. South .... camera operator (uncredited)
- Richard Sutton .... best boy grip (uncredited)
- Tommy Wilson .... electrician (uncredited)
- Rex Wimpy .... director of photography: Phoenix (uncredited)
- Rex Wimpy .... second camera operator (uncredited)
- Helen Colvig .... costume supervisor
- Joan Joseff .... costume jeweller (uncredited)
- Theodore R. Parvin .... wardrobe: men (uncredited)
- Israel Baker .... musician: violin solo (uncredited)
- Saul Bass .... titles designed by
- Everett W. Brown .... technical advisor (uncredited)
- John 'Bud' Cardos .... bird handler (uncredited)
- Charles S. Gould .... location director (uncredited)
- Melvin Hilgenfeld .... technical advisor (uncredited)
- William T. Hurtz .... director: animated titles (uncredited)
- Jim Merrick .... unit publicist (uncredited)
- Peggy Robertson .... assistant: Mr. Hitchcock (uncredited)
- Marshall Schlom .... script supervisor (uncredited)
- Herb Steinberg .... publicity director: Paramount (uncredited)
- Dolores Stockton .... secretary: Mr. Hitchcock (uncredited)
- Alfred Hitchcock's cameo appearance is about four minutes into the film. He's standing outside Marion Crane's office, wearing a cowboy hat.
- Actresses Eva Marie Saint, Piper Laurie, Martha Hyer, Hope Lange, Shirley Jones, and Lana Turner were all considered for the role of Marion.
- The film only cost Alfred Hitchcock $800,000 to make, yet earned more than $40 million. Hitchcock used the crew from his TV series, "Alfred Htchcock Presents," to save time and money.
- In 1962, Hitchcock exchanged the rights to the film and his TV-series for a huge block of MCA's stock. He became their third largest stockholder.
- An early script had the following dialogue:
- Marion: "I'm going to spend the weekend in bed."
- Tom Cassidy: "Bed? Only playground that beats Las Vegas."
- Hitchcock bought the rights to the novel anonymously from Bloch for just $9,000. He then bought up as many copies of the novel as he could to keep the ending a secret.
- During filming, this movie was referred to as "Production 9401" or "Wimpy."
- Hitchcock originally intended to open the film with a four-mile dolly shot from a helicopter, a scene similar to Orson Welles' bravura opening of Touch of Evil (1958).
- The painting that Norman removes in order to watch Marion undressing is a classical painting depicting a rape. The title of the painting is The Rape of Lucretia.
- Hitchcock tested the "fear factor" of Mother Bates' corpse by placing it in Leigh's dressing room, and listening to how loudly she screamed when she discovered it.
- The last shot of Norman Bates' face has a still frame of a human skull exposed over it.
- Hitchcock insisted that audiences should only be allowed to see the film from the start. This was unheard of back then, as people were used to just coming in at any point during a movie. The reason for this was that the film was advertised as starring Janet Leigh, but her character is killed in the first half of the film.
- After the film's release Hitchcock received an angry letter from the father of a girl who refused to have a bath after seeing Diabolique (1954) and now refused to shower after seeing Psycho. Hitchcock sent a note back simply saying, "Send her to the dry cleaners."
- The shot of Marion flushing the toilet, complete with flushing sounds, is believed to be the first such shot in American cinema history.
- See Shower Scene article for trivia specific to that scene.
- In 1961, Janet Leigh was nominated for an Oscar for best supporting actress and won the Golden Globe award for the same category.
- In 1961, Alfred Hitchcock was nominated for both an Oscar and the Directors' Guild of America (DGA) award for best director.
- In 1961, John L. Russell was nominated for an Oscar for best black and white cinematography.
- In 1961, Joseph Hurley, Robert Clatworthy and George Milo were nominated for an Oscar for best art direction and set decoration.
- In 1961, Joseph Stefano and Robert Bloch won the Edgar Allan Poe award for best writing for a motion picture.
- Paramount Pictures
- Phoenix, Arizona
- Lowery Real Estate
- Harris Street Property
- Tucson, Arizona
- California Charlie's
- Music Makers Music Store
- Bates Motel
- Bates House
- Rape of Lucretia
- Shower Scene
- Sam Loomis Hardware
- Kandy Korn
- Green Lawn Cemetery
- Fairvale Church
- Symphony No. 3 in E flat major 'Eroica'
- County Court House